What is Avastin?
Avastin is a cancer medicine that interferes with the growth and spread of cancer cells in the body.
Avastin is also used to treat cancer of the membrane lining the internal organs in your abdomen. It is usually given as part of a combination of cancer medicines.
Avastin can make it easier for you to bleed. Seek emergency medical attention if you have any bleeding that will not stop. You may also have bleeding on the inside of your body.
Call your doctor if you have: signs of bleeding in your digestive tract--feeling very weak or dizzy, severe stomach pain, bloody or tarry stools, coughing up blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds; or signs of bleeding in the brain--sudden numbness or weakness, slurred speech, severe headache, problems with vision or balance.
Avastin can also cause problems with wound healing, which could result in bleeding or infection. Do not use Avastin within 28 days before or after a planned surgery.
Bevacizumab can cause a rare but serious neurologic disorder affecting the brain. Symptoms include headache, confusion, vision problems, feeling very weak or tired, fainting, and seizure (blackout or convulsions). These rare symptoms may occur within hours of your first dose of Avastin, or they may not appear for up to a year after your treatment started. Call your doctor at once if you have any of these side effects.
Some people receiving an Avastin injection have had a reaction to the infusion (when the medicine is injected into the vein). Tell your medical caregiver right away if you feel dizzy, nauseated, light-headed, sweaty, itchy, or have a fast heartbeat, chills, wheezing, or chest pain during the injection.
Before taking this medicine
You may not be able to use Avastin if you are allergic to bevacizumab, or if you have or ever had:
slow healing of a skin wound or surgical incision;
surgery within the past 4 weeks (28 days);
recently been coughing up blood; or
you plan to have surgery within the next 4 weeks (28 days).
Tell your doctor if you have ever had:
heart disease, high blood pressure;
a bleeding or blood-clotting disorder; or
stomach or intestinal bleeding, or perforation (a hole or tear) in your esophagus, stomach, or intestines.
Bevacizumab may harm an unborn baby. Use effective birth control to prevent pregnancy while you are using this medicine and for at least 6 months after your last dose. Tell your doctor if you become pregnant.
Avastin may cause a woman's ovaries to stop working correctly. Symptoms of ovarian failure include 3 or more missed menstrual periods in a row. This may affect your fertility (ability to have children). Talk to your doctor about your specific risks.
Do not breastfeed while using Avastin, and for at least 6 months after your last dose.
How is Avastin given?
Avastin is given as an infusion into a vein. A healthcare provider will give you this injection.
Tell your caregivers if you feel dizzy, nauseated, light-headed, sweaty, or have a headache, shortness of breath, or chest pain during the injection.
Avastin is usually given once every 2 or 3 weeks.
You will need frequent medical tests.
Avastin can cause problems with wound healing, which could result in bleeding or infection. If you need to have any type of surgery, you will need to stop receiving bevacizumab at least 28 days ahead of time. Do not start using Avastin for at least 28 days after surgery, or until your surgical incision heals.
What happens if I miss a dose?
Call your doctor for instructions if you miss an appointment for your Avastin injection.
What happens if I overdose?
Seek emergency medical attention or call the Poison Help line at 1-800-222-1222.
What should I avoid while receiving Avastin?
Avoid activities that may increase your risk of bleeding or injury. Use extra care to prevent bleeding while shaving or brushing your teeth.
Avastin side effects
Get emergency medical help if you have signs of an allergic reaction to Avastin: hives; difficult breathing; swelling of your face, lips, tongue, or throat.
Some side effects may occur during the injection. Tell your medical caregiver if you feel dizzy, nauseated, light-headed, itchy, sweaty, or have a headache, chest tightness, back pain, trouble breathing, or swelling in your face.
Avastin can make it easier for you to bleed. Call your doctor or seek emergency medical attention if you have:
easy bruising, unusual bleeding (nose, mouth, vagina, rectum), or any bleeding that will not stop;
signs of bleeding in your digestive tractsevere stomach pain, bloody or tarry stools, coughing up blood or vomit that looks like coffee grounds; or
signs of bleeding in the brainsudden numbness or weakness (especially on one side of the body), sudden severe headache, problems with vision or balance.
Avastin can cause a rare but serious neurologic disorder affecting the brain. Symptoms may occur within hours of your first dose, or they may not appear for up to a year after your treatment started. Call your doctor at once if you have extreme weakness or tiredness, headache, confusion, vision problems, fainting, or seizure (blackout or convulsions).
Some people receiving Avastin have developed a fistula (an abnormal passageway) within the throat, lungs, gallbladder, kidney, bladder, or vagina. Call your doctor if you have: chest pain and trouble breathing, stomach pain or swelling, incontinence or leakage, or if you feel like you are choking and gagging when you eat or drink.
Also call your doctor if you have:
pain, swelling, warmth, or redness in one or both legs;
chest pain or pressure, pain spreading to your jaw or shoulder;
missed menstrual periods;
kidney problems - swelling, urinating less, feeling tired or short of breath;
heart problems - swelling, rapid weight gain, feeling short of breath;
low white blood cell counts - fever, mouth sores, skin sores, sore throat, cough, trouble breathing; or
increased blood pressure - severe headache, blurred vision, pounding in your neck or ears.
Side effects may be more likely in older adults.
Common Avastin side effects may include:
nosebleed, rectal bleeding;
increased blood pressure;
headache, back pain;
dry or watery eyes;
dry or flaky skin;
runny nose, sneezing; or
changes in your sense of taste.
This is not a complete list of side effects and others may occur. Call your doctor for medical advice about side effects. You may report side effects to FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088.
What other drugs will affect Avastin?
Other drugs may interact with bevacizumab, including prescription and over-the-counter medicines, vitamins, and herbal products. Tell your doctor about all your current medicines and any medicine you start or stop using.
- Avastin Product Label
- Bevacizumab (Avastin) in cancer treatment: A review of 15 years of clinical experience and future outlook
What is Avastin eye injection used for?
Your doctor may use Avastin (bevacizumab) to treat wet age-related macular degeneration (AMD), diabetic eye disease or other eye problems. It is injected into the eye to help slow vision loss. These uses are considered “off-label” meaning your doctor might use Avastin for unapproved uses if they believe it’s helpful.
Is Avastin chemotherapy or immunotherapy?
Avastin (bevacizumab) is not chemotherapy. It is a monoclonal antibody immunotherapy that binds to a protein called vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF). Avastin kills cancer by preventing growth of blood vessels that feed tumor growth (an anti-angiogenic). Avastin may be used alone or with chemotherapy to treat certain types of cancer.
Does Avastin shrink tumors?
In studies of cervical cancer, colon cancer, non-small cell lung cancer and kidney cancer Avastin has been shown to shrink and slow the spread of cancerous tumors when given in addition to other treatments. It also helped some people live longer. Your results with Avastin treatment may differ.
How long can you take Avastin for?
In most cases, you will receive Avastin infusions as long as your cancer is controlled and you are tolerating the side effects. For some diagnoses, you may also receive chemotherapy or only have a certain number of cycles. The length of time you take Avastin depends on your diagnosis and regimen.
How long do Avastin side effects last?
Everyone reacts differently to Avastin treatment. Some side effects may lessen over days to weeks as you get used to the medicine, while others may last even after treatment is stopped. Not everyone has serious or life-threatening side effects. Your doctor will stop treatment if any serious side effects occur.
What is the success rate of Avastin?
In clinical studies, Avastin has been shown to extend the length of time people can live with certain cancers. It can also help extend the time you live without your tumor growing or spreading. It may be given with chemotherapy or other medicines. Your individual success rate may vary from other patients.
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Remember, keep this and all other medicines out of the reach of children, never share your medicines with others, and use Avastin only for the indication prescribed.
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